Identifications of Architectural Style

According to Heritage of Malaysia Trust (1990), the architectural style of Malaysia has been classified according to the building styles. It consists of influences by the European, Chinese, Malay and Indian sources that were a mixture of various styles modified to the Malaysian environment. These included :-

  1. Indian Kingdoms (7th – 14th Centuries)
  2. Malay Vernacular (pre-15th Century to present)
  3. Straits Eclectic (15th Century to mid-20th Century)
  4. Chinese Baroque (19th Century to early 20th Century)
  5. Chitya Indian Vernacular (15th Century to Mid 20th Century)
  6. Colonial (17th Century to mid-20th Century)
  7. Modern (1950s – 1980s)

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur is a national theatre located in Jalan Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur. This theatre is formerly known as Panggung Negara and was officially opened by former Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. The turquoise folds on the roof and the intricate design of the foyer are just two of the features that will take your breath away.

Istana Budaya is the first theatre in Asia to be equipped with state-of-the-art stage equipment. This makes it as one of the ten most sophisticated theatres in the world, and on par with the Royal Albert Hall in London. Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur was built at a cost of RM210 million and is used for local as well as foreign art and cultural performances.

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur

The Cultural Performances

You can enjoy performances from the National Symphony Orchestra featuring Malaysia’s talented young musicians as well as other local cultural and musical performances, and internationally acclaimed musicals, concerts and ballet performances.

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur

The cultural palace building represents the country and its culture in many ways. Designed by the talented Malaysian architect Muhammad Kamar Ya’akub, the overall architecture was inspired by the traditional Malay house.

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur

The main building takes the form of the sirih junjung which is a traditional arrangement of betel leaves used during Malay weddings and welcoming ceremonies,while the Malaysian wau or kite is used as a design motif for the theatre’s interior especially its floor.

Malay Culture

Istana Budaya truly reflects a blend of the best aspects of the Malay culture which can be summarized as follows:

  • Wau Bulan – this traditional Malay kite is used as the main motive of the theatre’s floor.
  • Sirih Junjung – a multi-tier floral arrangement of “sirih” or betel leaves used as a symbolic piece for Malay weddings, festivities and welcoming ceremonies is reflected in the entire roof of the theatre.
  • Rumah Melayu – a typical Malay house pattern is the general layout of the building. It has three major sections:
  1. the serambi (lobby and foyer)
  2. rumah ibu (mother house) as the auditorium, and
  3. the rumah dapur (kitchen) as the stage and rehearsal hall
  4. Tangga – staircases (“tangga”) that lead to the grand entrance depict the staircase of a traditional Melaka house.
  5. Tingkap – the Royal Boxes follow the patterns of a Malay house’s windows (“tingkap”), all large and spacious.
  6. Balairong Seri – the auditorium is evidently designed similar to this royal palace hall of the olden days.
  7. Rebana Ubi – the theatre lobby on the third floor takes the shape of this traditional Malay drum

In addition, Banyan Leaf, which signifies the beginning of Wayang Kulit or shadow playalso decorates the theatre lobbies, and its walls are elegantly adorned by the exquisite artwork by Malaysia’s National Arts Laureate, Dato Syed Ahmad Jamal.

The interior of Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur makes extensive use of Langkawi marble, while high-quality tropical wood is used for the doors, which feature hand-carved flower and leaf motifs. The lush carpets in the foyer and lobby feature motifs based on the cempaka flower and the beringin tree (reminiscent of a traditional Mak Yong performance).

Inside the cultural palace, there is also a costume gallery featuring clothes from Malay traditional theatre. You can see the performance costumes from Bangsawan, Mak Yong, Ajat Bebunuh, Layang Emas and Bambarayon performances.

How to get to Istana Budaya

Istana Budaya is located at Jalan Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur. It can be reached by public and private means of transportation. If you drive, take Jalan Ipoh or Jalan Pahang before turning into Jalan Tun Razak. Upon reaching the building, turn into Jalan Kuantan that leads to the car park.

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur

If you are coming from the east of the city, make your way to Jalan Tun Razak and proceed until the Jalan Pahang roundabout where you make a full turn back to get to the other side. Parking is free.

Taxis and buses also ply the area. Get off at the bus stop in front of the Tawakal Medical Centre along Jalan Pahang. From there, cross the road (use the overhead pedestrian bridge) and proceed to Persiaran Titiwangsa 3. This should take about 15 minutes on foot. Buses plying the route is Intrakota No. 10, 49 and 49A.

Istana Budaya is also accessible by way of LRT. Take the routes to Kampung Baru (if you use Putra) and the Titiwangsa (for STAR) stations. It should be a relatively short taxi ride away from the stations.

Istana Budaya Kuala Lumpur

Opening Hours

Weekdays 9am-7pm (Mon-Thurs); 9am-12pm/3pm-7pm (Fri)
Weekends & Public Holidays 9am-7pm (Sat); 2pm-7pm (Sun & Public Hols)

Or contacts:

Marketing and Public Relations Division
Istana Budaya
Jalan Tun Razak
50694 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 603 – 40265555
Fax: 603 – 40255975

Penang Global City Center by Asymptote Architecture
Sited on Penang Hill the Penang Global City Center (PGCC) is a key component of the 256 acre development site that was formally the Penang Turf Club.  The design is centered on the idea of creating a new and powerful image for the city of Penang and the new initiatives associated with the development of the Northern Corridor of Malaysia.
 The complex includes two iconic, sixty-story towers housing luxury residential units and five-star hotels, the Penang Performing Arts Center (PenPAC), a high-end retail and entertainment complex, an observatory, a world-class convention center and a vast public arena in the form of a plinth that serves as an entrance to the PGCC and connects it to the city beyond.
 The design of the iconic towers in particular draws inspiration from not only the lushness and drama of the surrounding mountains and seascapes, but also from the rich and diverse cultural heritage that makes up the Malaysian nation and Penang in particular.  The forms of the two towers are comprised of both horizontal and vertical elements. Sculpted horizontal components move across the plinth, rise up and transform into articulated vertical structures.
 The vast, cascading plinth, which functions as a public plaza with multiple gathering spaces, are venues for the performing arts center, convention center and various facilities for residential, office and urban life.
 Set against the backdrop of the nature reserve of Penang Hill, the twisting, glass facades of the towers “perform” various surface effects – reflecting, refracting and distorting views of Penang, the surrounding landscape and the seascape beyond.
The design incorporates the latest in sustainable design and engineering technologies.
Construction start for Phase 1 is scheduled for late 2008.
Total Area: 1.000.000 square meters
Retail Complex: 400,000 square meters
Convention Center: 100,000 square meters
Performing Arts Center (PenPAC): 75,000 square meters
Condominiums: 70,000 square meters
Hotel and Service Apartments: 50,000 square meters
Offices: 25,000 square meters
Observatory: 1,500 square meters
Parking: 190,000 square meters
Developer: Abad Naluri, a subsidiary of Equine Capital
Architects: Asymptote Architecture
Master Plan: Atelier Seraji
Malaysia Pavilion Shanghai World Expo 2010
Malaysia Pavilion (photo credit to FotoSet.Blogspot)
Malaysia Pavilion at the Shanghai World Expo 2010 shows the world a unique Minangkabau styled roof design with a myriad of colours showcasing the Malaysian Batik design. The building will comprise two streamlined high slopes with a cross on top, the symbol of Malaysian architecture. The facade of the pavilion will be made from a combination of recyclable materials of palm oil and plastic.
 Malaysian Pavilion – Artist Impression

Malaysia Pavilion at night (Photo by archhale2008)

Visitors will encounter world heritages of Penang and Malacca and get access to characteristic Malaysian artworks and their production process. Electronics, rubber and timber products will also be exhibited in the pavilion. The design of the Malaysia Pavilion is derived from the unique architectural style of the Rumah Negeri Sembilan  (Negeri Sembilan house), distinguished by their horn-shaped roofs too.
Malaysia Pavilion launch at World Expo (Pic courtesy of Getty Images)
When I was visiting Shanghai in early April 2010, I did not have the chance to visit this building as it was closed to the public. I guess I may have to figure a way to visit Shanghai again before the end of this expo.
Malaysia Pavilion main entrance with 1Malaysia theme

Highlight 1: Traditional House

Traditional House The corridor and entrance at the ground floor will be based on Mosque design with elevated roof on columns to resemble the traditional long house in Malaysia. The exterior wall will imitate Malaysian textile printing with patterns of butterfly, bloom, flying birds and geometrical drawings.

Highlight 2: Mini-putt and Petronas Twin Towers

Mini-putt and Petronas Twin Towers Along with palm oil, rubber and other economical plants, the pavilion will also exhibit tourist attractions of beach and golf court, as well as ordinary family lives in Malaysia. Visitors will be able to pitch and putt at an indoor golf area. The sightseeing elevator between two stories will be designed to simulate the famous Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur.

Highlight 3: Central Stage

Central Stage During the Expo, the central stage in the pavilion will host two local dance performances every day to showcase all 47 ethnic groups from the country.

Highlight 4: Lucky Draws

Lucky Draws The pavilion will hold lucky draws on key days during the Expo, such as Malaysia’s national day, and the anniversary of China-Malaysia Diplomatic Relationship.

Highlight 5: Artworks and Foods

Artworks and Foods Visitors will see characteristic Malaysian artworks and their production process in the pavilion and will have the chance to taste delicious Malaysian foods such as bak kut teh.

Malaysia Pavilion at World Expo 2010 – Artist impression at night

Pavilion Preview

Theme: One Malaysia, City Harmonious Living
Highlights: Traditional Malaysian Hut
National Pavilion Day: September 12
Pavilion Area: Around 3,000 Square Meters
Location: Within Zone B of the Expo Site

Malaysia Pavilion in Shanghai World Expo in 3D
Malaysia Pavilion Video from The Star via You Tube
4 Malaysian artist spray paint and design the roof of the Malaysia Pavilion


The Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside hotel is an elegant and uniquely designed hotel using Malaysian design and architecture. It is a hotel with class, efficiency and a heaven for pleasure with one of the largest signature spa facilities in Malaysia.

The Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside hotel is located at Putrajaya, Malaysia’s federal administrative capital. It is built on the shores of Putrajaya lake.

Click image to view larger map.

The Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside hotel has 283 rooms, suites and apartments for guests.

Room Facilities
There are 3 types of guest accommodations:

  • Deluxe room
  • Executive room
  • Service apartment

Facilities provided are:

  • LCD TV
  • Interactive TV entertainment system
  • High speed internet access
  • Mini bar
  • 24 hours in-room dining
  • Shower or bathtub
  • Coffee and tea making facilities
  • 15 inch computer size safety box

Hotel facilities
These are the hotel facilities available:

  • Swimming pool and kid’s pool with sundeck
  • State-of-the-art fitness center
  • Large spa with treatment rooms and spa concept rooms
  • Beauty salon and wedding studio
  • Airlines crew lounge
  • Laundry with valet service
  • Kid’s club
  • Baby-sitting services
  • Games room
  • Shuttle service and city centre drop-off
  • Bus/Coach parking area
  • Basement parking bays for up to 400 cars
  • 24-hour surveillance system (CCTV)
  • Water sports activities
  • Limousine services
  • Concierge services and valet parking

Food and beverage
There are 5 food and beverage outlets here:

  • B’s
  • The Village
  • The Deli@Pullman
  • China Bar & Lounge
  • Bar On Third

Conference, Banquets and Events
The Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside is an oasis for business travelers from around the world. It exceeds expectations with seamless technology and highly sophisticated business and ballroom facilities. It’s 9-meter high ceiling ballroom can accommodate up to 700 guests. There are 21 fully equipped meeting rooms and board rooms plus a 250-seater lakefront, open air amphitheater.

Excellent wedding packages of multicultural ceremonies are available for those planning to tie the knot at The Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside.

Address: Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside, No. 2, Jalan P5/5, Presint 5, 62200 Putrajaya, Malaysia.
Telephone: +6(03)8890 0000
Fax: +6(03)8890 0001


PJ8, Petaling Jaya

by GDP Architects Sdn Bhd


malacca gallery of architecture

malacca gallery of architecture

malacca palacemalacca palace
this is the palace of malacca sultanate, well I’m not quite sure if it’s only replica or an original building. nevertheless, this building has since then converted into malacca cultural museum.

facade relief model
the facade relief model of a palace in terengganu.

facade relief model
facade relief model of the selangor palace.

malacca palace model
a replica inside a replica! the model of malacca sultanate palace.

malay house modelmalay house model
model of a traditional malay house in malaysia.

malay house styles
the various styles of malay house.

malacca stadhuys model
model of malacca stadhuys building.

teluk intan leaning tower model
if italy has its pisa leaning tower, well this is malaysia’s teluk intan leaning tower. not as famous though, maybe someone needs to take away several degrees of the leaning angle to make it popular. sometimes just makes you wonder why most people celebrate someone else’s engineering mistake.

kuching river fort model
kuching river fort model
now, model of kuching’s river fort.

malaysian neocolonial house model
malaysian neocolonial house model
malaysian neocolonial house model
a malaysian neocolonial house. I’m pretty sure the building is a landmark somewhere, but I just can’t remember the name for this one.

malacca townhouse model
malacca townhouse interior model
malacca townhouse interior model
malacca townhouse interior model. I have to admit this model struck me the most with those innate detailings. you may argue it’s done and cut by the machine, but still, you need a great deal of detailing from drawings to produce that. whatever method you use; shit in, shit out principle still applies nevertheless.

kl train station model
kl train station model
the model of kuala lumpur train station. this old building has no longer plays the role of kl’s transportation hub since kl sentral (by kisho kurokawa) was completed. the building is now gazetted under national heritage but it would be best if the government would make this a tourist spot since it has a distinct architectural value.

st paul's church model
this is how st paul’s church on top of the hill really looks like before it was destroyed during the world war.

malacca mosque model
model of malacca’s mosque.

don’t miss these two museums; malacca cultural museum and malacca architectural museum.


Greentech House Competition 2013 – Pelajar-pelajar Senibina Seluruh Negara Serlah Rekabentuk Hijau

Semakan keatas rekabentuk-rekabantuk oleh urusetia dan juri telah di adakan di UTM City Campus KL pada Selasa 7 Mei 2013. Suatu peningkatan yang sangat memberangsangkan oleh para peserta berbanding 2 tahun lalu. Tahniah semua peserta. Maklumat lanjut :
1st GTHC 2011 :

11 kumpulan dari pelajar-pelajar alam bina seluruh Malaysia terpilih keperingkat akhir dalam rekabentuk rumah berteknologi Hijau telah diadakan di PWTC pada 21 Jun 2013.

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