UNIQUE BUILDING

Nanyang University’s Green Roof

From Nanyang Technological University

School of Art, Design & Media, Nanyang University, Singapore

Greenroof

This is a 5-storey School of Art, Design & Media at Nanyang Technological University campus, Singapore. This stunning piece of award-winning architecture is situated in a wooded valley. Before you read on, answer this : is this a landscape or a building? The embracing arms of this unique building have a most spectacular verdant turfed roof which blends with ground contour as if emerges from it. It has glass curtain wall and raw concrete minus the painting. Apart from its visual impact, the turfed roofscape helps to lower the roof temperature and surrounding areas. It works as a functional space, as a scenic outdoor community space via easily accessible sidesteps along the roof edge.

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Isla Mujeres

A unique building on Isla Mujeres.

How to get there

By ferry from Puerto Juárez and from Punta Sam; by bus from Mérida or Chetumal to both these ports; by hydrofoil from Cancún.

The Isla Mujeres (Island of Women), 8km/5mi long and up to 2km/1.3mi across, lies in the Caribbean off the coast of the Yucatán peninsula. It offers the visitor beautiful beaches of

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white sand fringed by coconut palms, lagoons of crystal-clear water and coral reefs with an abundance of fish.

History

Little is known of the island’s history in pre-Conquest days. The Mayas have left traces of their presence in remains of buildings, some of which date from the 8th and 9th c. ad. Most of the temples that have been found are thought to have been dedicated to Ixchel, goddess of the moon and fertility.

The island was discovered in 1517 – two years before Cortés landed in Mexico – by a Spanish expedition under Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, who named it “Island of Women” after the large number of terracotta female figurines which he and his men found in the Maya ruins. In later periods the Isla Mujeres, like most of the Caribbean islands, was a pirates’ and smugglers’ lair. It is only within the last twenty years or so that tourism has come to the island and turned a sleepy fishing settlement into a popular holiday resort. Unlike the neighbouring island of Cozumel and the modern seaside resort of Cancún, Isla Mujeres has remained relatively unspoiled and not too crowded. In order to promote its trade the island has been made a free port.

Sights

The island’s main attractions lie on and in the sea and are readily accessible on foot, by bicycle or by moped. The best bathing place is the Playa Cocteros (“Los Cocos”) on the north-west side of the island; and at the northern tip begin the coral reefs which provide such splendid opportunities for snorkellers. The east coast, on the Caribbean, also boasts some beautiful beaches and reefs, such as Playa Ponchol, but strong currents make bathing hazardous.

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Dancing HouseDancing House
Here’s a building that should really get your attention when walking pass it. The Dancing House is considered as one of the more real controversial buildings in Prague. The DH was actually designed by a great architect from California, which only proves that he had done some type of hallucinogen while designing it.
Robot BuildingRobot Building
The Bank of Asia is a very famous building in Bangkok. It was made way back in 1985, and its robotic appearance is just a symbol of the modernization of banking. It also has the ability to transform into a mega-robot. So, if Godzilla ever decided to show his green face in the land of Bangkok, they would have to fight!
Ripley's BuildingRipley’s Building
If you saw this picture for the first time, you’d probably thought that it was hit by a massive earthquake. But it wasn’t. In true fashion of the Ripley Legacy, it was built to reflect the odd 1812 earthquake that measured 8.0 on the rick. The building has now become one of the most photographed in the world because of it.
The Wilson HallThe Wilson Hall
This somewhat modernize building was actually built between 1971 and 1974. Its unique design gives the Wilson Hall a great sense of structure, and a prominent landmark for the skyline. The building provides big laboratories, offices, and supports space for over 1500 scientists. And it houses all kinds of strange experiments.
135 Degree Angle House135 Degree Angle
This bizarre house really doesn’t have an official name, but it does have a 135 degree angle. So that’s what we’re going to call it. Unfortunately, the only info we have about this house is that it was built in China or Japan. And that it has a silly pink roof. And if you look real close, you’ll notice that its on a 135 degree damn angle.
Hotel SofitelHotel Sofitel
This hotel’s unique design was directly inspired by the traditional temples in Japan. The Tokyo Sofitel has over 72 rooms, and 11 suites with 3 non-smoking floors. And 5 meeting rooms that includes high-tech boardrooms. Please realize that you have to sell your soul in order to step foot inside this amazing hotel.
Triangle BuildingTriangle Building
We wonder what type of work goes on inside this kind of a building. The unofficial Triangle Building is just a wonder to look at and to ponder over. But, can this be one of the evil headquarters for Scientology or Starbucks? Does this building have triangle bathrooms? There’s so many damn questions!
The Astra HausThe Astra Haus
The strange building is actually a brewery in Hamburg, Germany. The floors can move up or down on its skinny column core. As of now, the unique building has been destroyed. One of its more famous beer brands was recently bought by a big refreshment corporation. And that beer brand was called Astra.
Upside DownerUpside Downer
Take a journey into the unknown with a building called Wonder Works. Its central Florida’s only upside down attraction. And an amusement park for your mind, and your stoner friends. This odd building has over 100 wacky interactive exhibits for your entire family to experience. But make sure you free your weed before coming.
Crooked HouseCrooked House
You know that your looking at a real building right? The Crooked House was built in 2004 as an addition at a popular shopping center, and is a major tourist attraction in Sopot, Poland. We just wonder what happens when someone who’s under a controlled substance sees this building for the first time in their life.

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Darcons Headquarters by Arquitectura

Modern and Unique Architecture Building

This modern and unique building architecture called Darcons Headquarters designed by Arquitectura en Proceso as Mexican architects was created many of buildings architecture in Mexico. The building architecture aligned with the road and near from Mexico city. The building architecture in unique and modern design was conceived as a frame that captures part of the landscape and at the same time defines a plane that divides the intercity from the suburbs. This unique building architecture also has skin protector which has a different function first, by using transparant material a living people inside can view scanery freely from that modern and unique building. second funtioan a skin of this modern building architecture protect people who work for from olar irradiance. The operation space is contained within the envelope and flows throughout the building in a three dimensional open plan that honors the hierarchical organization of the company.

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 2

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 3

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 4

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 5

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 6

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 8

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 9

Modern and Unique Architecture Building 10

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Dancing building design for unique tower

Dancing building design for unique tower

Unique building tower in Dubai look like girl dancing this building very luxury and wonderful base material of this building from glasses and was spend a lot of cost, now Dubai as heaven city for celebrities.

The tower’s striking design creates a new presence that punctures the skyline with a powerful recognizable silhouette. The fluid character of the towers is generated through an intrinsically dynamic composition of volumes.

The towers are inter-twinned to share programmatic elements and rotate to maximize the views from the site towards the creek and neighbouring developments.

The design quality of the towers to act as a symbol and icon extends beyond their scale and location. These qualities are derived from the boldness of the architectural concept, from the choreographed’ movement that combines the three towers in one overall gesture and weaves’ with a series of public spaces through the podium, the bridges and the landscape beyond.

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Rotterdam

A unique building in Rotterdam.

The port town of Rotterdam, the second largest city in the Netherlands, lies on both banks of the Nieuwe Maas, the southern arm of the Rhine, here joined by the little river Rotte. At this point, and for a good distance upstream, the Maas is still tidal, with a variation in water level between high and low tide of between 1.2 and 2.5m (4 and 8ft)

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Since the opening of the Europoort in 1966 Rotterdam has been the largest port in the world in the volume of goods handled, and in consequence has developed into a gigantic commercial and industrial center whose full growth potential is still very far from being realized. The major imports are oil, mineral ores, grain, timber and fats, the main exports coal and foodstuffs; and Rotterdam is also an important transshipment point for raw tobacco. The city’s principal industries are shipbuilding (with the largest shipyard in Europe), engineering, the manufacture of railroad rolling stock, electrical engineering, petrochemicals (with the largest plant in Europe), semi-luxury foods and tobacco, clothing manufacture and papermaking. Rotterdam owes its rapid development to its fortunate situation on a navigable waterway with access to the North Sea throughout the year without the intervention of any locks. Its seaport can handle ships of up to 90,000 tons with a draught of up to 12m (39ft), and in addition it has the largest inland port in Europe.

Central Rotterdam was almost completely destroyed by German air attacks in 1940. The energetic rebuilding of the city after the war, re-planned with modern shopping streets and residential districts and with numerous high-rise blocks, has made Rotterdam one of the most modern cities in Europe. Around the city center are the districts of Kralingen to the east, Delfshaven to the west and Feijenoord to the south, with an outer ring of suburbs (Overschie, Hillegersberg, IJsselmonde and Pernis) beyond this. Hoek van Holland (Hook of Holland) also lies within the city area; Schiedam, Vlaardingen and Maassluis are independent towns, though closely adjoining Rotterdam on the west. Together with its surrounding satellite towns Rotterdam now forms a highly industrialized conurbation with well over a million inhabitants.

Rotterdam developed out of a settlement founded in early medieval times. A first period of prosperity began in the 13th century, when a dam was built to separate the little river Rotte from the Nieuwe Maas: hence the name Rotterdam. The town received its municipal charter in 1340. Soon afterwards a canal to the Schie linked it with the then important commercial town of Delft, from the prosperity of which it soon began to benefit. This first period of prosperity saw the birth of Rotterdam’s most celebrated citizen, the famous humanist Erasmus (born ca. 1467, d. 1536 in Basle). In 1563 most of the town was destroyed by fire. A new phase of development began, however, in 1585, when many thousands of refugees from the Spanish Netherlands settled in Rotterdam. The manufacture of cloth and carpets in particular brought a further period of prosperity. The port was less important in the 17th century, with only about a fifth of the turnover of the rival town of Amsterdam. The rapid growth of the port began after the split with Belgium, when the Dutch dammed the Schelde (1830-39). The obstacle to the passage of large vessels by the steady silting up of the Maas estuary was removed in 1866 by the construction and constant deepening of the Nieuwe Waterweg, and at the point where it reached the North Sea the new suburb of Hoek van Holland (Hook of Holland) came into being.

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Unique Building * The Crooked House (Sopot, Poland)


This is a very unique building! The Crooked House was built in 2003. What inspired the architects were Per Dahlberg‘s drawings. You’ll found numerous beauty shops and stores inside along with the branch office for RMF radio broadcasting company. It lies in the Bohaterów Monte Cassino street, the town’s most prominent promenade.

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shoe-house-pennsylvania-united-states

Shoe House – Pennsylvania, United States

Here is the others 8 unique building, ckeck it out…

the-basket-building-ohio-united-states

The Basket Building – Ohio, United States

kansas-city-public-library-missouri-united-states

Kansas City Public Library – Missouri, United States

wonderworks-florida-united-states

Wonderworks – Florida, United States

the-crooked-house-sopot-poland

The Crooked House – Sopot, Poland

stone-house-guimaraes-portugal

Stone House – Guimarães, Portugal

ripleys-building-ontario-canada

Ripley’s Building – Ontario, Canada

cubic-houses-rotterdam-netherlands

Cubic Houses – Rotterdam, Netherlands

hang-nga-guesthouse-aka-crazy-house-vietnam

Hang Nga Guesthouse a.k.a Crazy House – Vietnam

1. Conch Shell House (Isla Mujeres, Mexico)

(Image credits: Mark Stadnik)

This unusual building was designed by architect named Octavio Ocampo and built in a lovely island of Mujeres in Mexico. The house is said to be the most outstanding and original house on the island. Surrounded by Caribbean Ocean it gives you an unique opportunity to experience what it’s like living in a Sea Shell.

2. Device to Root Out Evil (Vancouver, Canada)

(Image credits: papalars)

Yea yea, I know… It’s not a house, it’s a statue. However it’s unusual, unique and still a peace of architecture.

Rod Mickleburgh in his article (May ‘08) wrote: “It was too hot for New York City; too hot for Stanford University. But a controversial, imposing sculpture by renowned international artist Dennis Oppenheim finally found a public home in laid-back Vancouver.”

It was too hot for Vancouver as well…:) The project has been removed from the city, and is now in Calgary, Alberta.

3. Experience Music Project, Seattle, WA, USA

(Image credits: EMP)

Experience Music Project (EMP) was founded by Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft. It is a museum of music history sited near the Space Needle and is by one of the two stops on the Seattle Center Monorail, which runs through the building. The structure is also home to the Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame.

Designed by Frank Gehry, the building resembles many of his firm’s sheet-metal construction works, such as Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Walt Disney Concert Hall and Gehry Tower.

4. Upside Down House (Szymbark, Poland)

(Image credits: Radziooz)

Daniel Czapiewski, Polish businessman and philanthropist, built this house as an artistic statement about the Communist era and current state of the world. Many tourists who visit complain of mild seasickness and dizziness after just a few minutes of being in the structure.

5. Puzzling World Lake Wanaka (Otago, New Zealand)

(Image credits: Somerslea)

Stuart Landsborough’s Puzzling World is a tourist attraction near Wanaka, New Zealand. It started out as just a maze in 1973, but over the years expanded to accommodate a “puzzling café” where guests could try out several puzzles, rooms with optical illusions, the and other things.

One of the biggest attractions is the leaning tower. The Leaning Tower of Wanaka is, as the name implies, a tower that is seemingly impossibly balanced on one corner, making the whole structure lean at an angle of 53 degrees to the ground. Exactly how this is achieved is yet to be unveiled, but it can be assumed that some kind of counterbalance or anchoring device has been used.

If you feel like visiting this place check out the website.

(Image credits: Broken Piggy Bank)

6. Low impact woodland house (Wales, UK)

Once in a while you find something really amazing on the web. And I’m really happy that someone sent us a link of this truly astonishing house.

One guy with the help of his father in law and friends built this house for his family. “The house was built with maximum regard for the environment and by reciprocation gives us a unique opportunity to live close to nature.” he says.

This building is one part of a low-impact or permaculture approach to life. This sort of life is about living in harmony with both the natural world and ourselves, doing things simply and using appropriate levels of technology.

When asked why he is doing this, he gave this answer: “ It’s fun. Living your own life, in your own way is rewarding. Following our dreams keeps our souls alive.”

You can learn more about this project on this website.

7. BWM Welt, Munich, Germany

(Image credits: meironke)

The open style of architecture and the glass facade allow a lot of light into the rooms and open up the building towards its surroundings. Simultaneously, the BMW Welt harmonically blends into the context of the architecture of the Olympiapark and the existing BMW buildings.

8. Cowboy Boots Bathroom (Seattle, WA, USA)

(Image credits: kuow949)

These boots used to be the restrooms for a kitschy gas station. Now they adorn a park in Seattle. You can see the door on the side of the boots.

9. The Big Duck (Flanders, NY, USA)

(Image credits: the real janelle)

The Duck was built in 1930-1931 and was originally used as a retail outlet selling Long Island Duckling on West Main St. in Riverhead.

10. Lucy the Margate Elephant (Margate, NJ, USA)

(Image credits: amy_kearns)

Over the years, Lucy has served as a real estate office, a tourist attraction, a rental “cottage”, a bar, boarding house, hotel, restaurant and refreshment stand.

11. House Boat (California, USA)

(Image credits: TailspinT)

These are house boats, built in 1925 from the remains of a hotel and a bathhouse, now moored on Third St. between F and G in Encinitas, CA.

12. Giant Muskie (Hayward, WI, USA)

(Image credits: Staciaann Photography)

Giant Muskie at the National Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame

13. The Big Chicken (Marietta, GA, USA)

(Image credits: The Rocketeer)

The Big Chicken was built in 1963 by S.R. “Tubby” Davis as a method of advertising a restaurant on U.S. 41, a main thoroughfare through Marietta, Georga.

14. Guitar Museum (TN, USA)

(Image credits: jakekrohn)

The sign advertises the “world’s only guitar shaped music museum.”

15. Weird House Boat (Croatia)

(Image credits: lo_sgabuzzino (del guercio) )

Just another strange building sent by our commentators.

15. Doll’s Theatre (Torun, Poland)

(Image credits: _waj)

Building that looks like an old cupboard.

16.  The sheep building  (Tirau, Waikato, New Zealand)

(Image credits: PhillipC)

It’s a wool shop

17. Sheepdog building (Tirau, Waikato, New Zealand)

(Image credits: Susan Renee)

18. House Between The Rocks (France)

(Image credits: Blog-trotter)

19. Royal Ontario Museum  (Toronto, Canada)

(Image credits: wvs)

20. UFO house (Chattanooga, Tennessee)

(Image credits: josephleenovak)

This house, on Signal Mountain near Chattanooga, Tennessee is shaped like a UFO. If you look closely you can see the staircase descending from the underbelly that leads up to the living quarters.

21. Wonder egg (Ishigakijima Island, Okinawa, Japan )

(Image credits:Ken@Okinawa)

This big wonder egg is built for a lookout of migratory birds point.

22. Bart Prince house (Albuquerque, USA)

(Image credits: Diluted)

23. The Amazing Flying House (Sarzana, Italy)

(Image credits: Babele Dunnit)

This is a real house. It goes up and down, can rotate 360°, runs on rails… the man built that all by himself alone and lived in it for seven years with his wife.

24. Teakettle Building (Rockbridge County, VA, USA )

(Image credits: taberandrew)

25. Cinema (Kongsberg, Norway)

(Image credits: Damiel)

It is the cinema in the town of Kongsberg, Norway.

26. Universum Science Center (Bremen, Germany)

(Image credits: Bogdan Morar)

27. SunTrust Bank (Annapolis, MD, USA )

(Image credits: Radio Rover)

28. Steam World Museum (Gramado, Brazil)

(Image credits: Mauro Mello)

As the name says, it is dedicated to showcase the many applications of the steam engine — in manufacturing, transportation, arts & crafts etc. The “disaster” reproduced in the front is a reference to a real accident, that occured at Gare Montparnasse, Paris, on 22 October 1895 (a picture of the real accident is also attached).

29. Seattle Public Library (Seattle, WA, USA)

(Image credits: mastermaq)

30. Peter B Lewis building at Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland, OH, USA)

(Image credits: bryan.norwood)

31. Oscar Niemeyer Museum. (Curitiba, Brazil)

(Image credits: Gestalteando)

Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filhois a Brazilian architect who is considered one of the most important names in international modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the exploration of the constructive possibilities of reinforced concrete. His buildings have forms so dynamic and curves so sensual that many admirers say that, more than an architect, he is a sculptor of monuments, a trait some critics consider to be a defect.

32. The Sage Gateshead (Gateshead, England)

(Image credits: wikipedia)

33. Turtle building (Niagra Falls, USA)

34. Ysios wine cellar in Laguardia, Álava, Spain

35. Oakley headquarters, Foothill Ranch, California, USA

(Image credits: MentallyRetired.com)

36. Angkor Wat (Cambodia)

(Image credits: `◄ccdoh1►)

The largest religious building in the world, Angkor Wat, was built by Suryavarman II (r 1112 – 52) to honour Vishnu, his patron deity. The central tower is 55m above the ground, which is surrounded by 800m worth of carved galleries or bas-relief friezes which depict religious scenes. The most celebrated of these scenes is the ‘Churning of the Sea of Milk’ in which asuras and devas are shown using the serpent, Vasuki, to churn the sea under Vishnu to extract the elixir of immortality.

37. Little Man Ice Cream Shop (Denver, CO, USA)

38. Church with an A (Madrid, Spain)

(Image credits: R.Duran)

A Parish Church at the beginning of Alcalde Sainz de Baranda St. (Madrid, Spain).

39. Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, (Milwaukee, WI, USA)

(image credits: Ricky Irvine)

Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, was designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1956, and completed in 1961. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church is one of Wright’s last works. Its shallow scalloped dome echoes his Marin County Civic Center.

40. Sport’s Mansion (Vilnius, Lithuania)

41. The Big Pineapple (Nambour, Queensland)

(Image credits: reuvenim)

42. Piano shaped building (Huainan, China)

(Image credits: Dyl86)

43. Elephant building

(Image credits: Film Colourist)

44. House on the Rock (Wisconsin, USA)

Image sent by email

45. La Sagrada Familia (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)

(Image credits: cuellar)

46. Theater in Ibirapuera Park (São Paulo, Brazil)

(Image credits: Elder Tanaka)

47. Reversible Destiny Lofts (Mitaka, Japan)

(Image credits: ssp4eva)

48. Bunker (Chicago, IL, USA)

(Image credits: paul goyette)

49. Office Building (St. Petersburg, Russia)

(Image credits: | unton |)

50. Shark Bar (Perm, Russia)

Aqua (skyscraper)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 This article is about skyscraper in Chicago. For skyscraper in Valencia, see Aqua Multiespacio.
Aqua

Balcony Detail During Construction 2008
General information
Status Complete
Type Mixed Use: residential, hotel
Location ChicagoIllinoisUSA
Coordinates 41°53′11″N 87°37′12″WCoordinates41°53′11″N 87°37′12″W
Construction started 2007
Completed 2010[1]
Modern architecture
Height
Roof 858.73 ft (261.74 m)
Top floor 822.18 ft (250.60 m)
Technical details
Floor count 86, 1 underground
Floor area 1,990,635 sq ft (184,936.0 m2)
Elevators 24
Design and construction
Main contractor James McHugh Construction Co
Architect Jeanne Gang of Studio Gang Architects
Developer Magellan Development Group

Aqua is an 86-story mixed-use residential skyscraper in the Lakeshore East development in downtown Chicago.[2]Designed by a team led by Jeanne Gang of Studio Gang Architects, the building is the tallest in the world to have a woman as lead architect, at 859 ft (262 m). It includes one level of parking below ground. The building’s eight-story, 140,000 sq ft (13,000 m2) base is topped by a 82,550 sq ft (7,669 m2) terrace with gardens, gazebos, pools, hot tubs, a walking/running track and a fire pit. Each floor covers approximately 16,000 sq ft (1,500 m2).[3] The Aqua was named the Emporis Skyscraper Award 2009 skyscraper of the year[4] and was shortlisted in 2010 for the biannual International Highrise Award.[5]

Aqua Tower‘s striking eastern facade departs dramatically from the surrounding modernist high-rises in Chicago.

Aqua is designed by Jeanne Gang, principal and founder of Studio Gang Architects, and it is her first skyscraper project.[6] This is the largest project ever awarded to an American firm headed by a woman.[7]Loewenberg & Associates are the architects of record, led by James Loewenberg.[8]

Design

The Aqua Tower is located on the 200 block of North Columbus Drive, and is surrounded by high-rises. To capture views of nearby landmarks for Aqua’s residents, Gang stretched its balconies outward by as much as 12 feet (3.7 meters).[9][10][11] The result is a building composed of irregularly shaped concrete floor slabs which lend the facade an undulating, sculptural quality.[12][13] Gang cites the striated limestone outcroppings that are a common topographic feature of the Great Lakes region as inspiration for these slabs.[14]

Aqua’s southern facade

The building will contain 55,000 square feet (5,100 square meters) of retail and office space, in addition to 215 hotel rooms (floors 1-18), 476 rental residential units (floors 19-52), and 263 condominium units & Penthouses (floors 53-80).[15] Aqua will also be the first downtown building to combine condos, apartments and a hotel. Strategic Hotels & Resorts had agreed to acquire the first 15 floors of hotel space upon completion of the building, but terminated its $84 million contract for the space in August 2008, citing significant changes in the economic environment.[16][17]

On May 12, 2010, it was announced that Carlson Hotels Worldwide agreed to spend $125 million to open the firstRadisson Blu hotel in the United States on 18 vacant floors of the highrise.[18]

The name ‘Aqua’ was assigned to the building by Magellan Development Group LLC. It fits the nautical theme of the other buildings in the Lakeshore East development, and is derived from the wave-like forms of the balconies; the tower’s proximity to nearby Lake Michigan also influenced the name.[12]

Sustainability was an important factor in Aqua’s design. Gang and her team refined the terrace extensions to maximize solar shading, and other sustainable features will include rainwater collection systems and energy-efficient lighting. The green roof on top of the tower base will be the largest in Chicago. The tower will seek LEED certification.[19]

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Ranking criteria and alternatives

The non-profit, international organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was formed in 1969 and announces the title of “The Worlds Tallest Building” and sets the standards by which buildings are measured. It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world.[1] The council currently ranks Burj Khalifa as the tallest at 828 m (2,717 ft).[1] The CTBUH only recognizes buildings that are complete, however, and some buildings listed within these list articles are not considered complete by the CTBUH.

In 1996, as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller, the council listed and ranked buildings in four categories:

  • height of structural or architectural top
  • height of highest floor
  • height to the top of roof (removed as category November 2009)[2]
  • height to top of any part of the building.

Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. This naturally hurts the rankings of buildings without spires, or with antennas instead of spires, or with shorter spires. The most famous such discrepancy is that Petronas Towers, with their spires, are ranked higher than the Willis Tower(formerly Sears Tower) with its antennas, despite the Petronas Towers’ lower roofs and lower highest points (of spire/antenna).

However, this type of discrepancy has happened before, without resulting in a change of the criteria used to determine the world’s tallest building, which until 1996 was the height to the top of the tallest architectural element (spires, but not antennae). A famous historical case of this discrepancy was the rivalry between 40 Wall Street building (then known as the Bank of Manhattan Building) and the Chrysler Building. The Bank of Manhattan Building employed only a short spire and was 927ft (283m) tall and had a much higher top occupied floor (the second category in the 1996 criteria for tallest building). In contrast, the Chrysler Building employed a very large 125ft (38m) spire secretly assembled inside the building to claim the title of world’s tallest building with a total height of 1048 feet (319m), despite having a lower top occupied floor and a shorter height when both building’s spires are not counted in their heights. Upset by Chrysler’s victory, Shreve & Lamb, the consulting architects of 40 Wall Street, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world’s highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 feet (30m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and essentially inaccessible.[3] At present the issue of criteria is moot, as Burj Khalifa tops the list by some margin, regardless of which criterion is applied.

Tallest skyscrapers in the world

Buildings that were at any time the tallest in the world are shown in boldface. The list includes the tallest 250 buildings in the world.

Rank Building[A][4] City Country Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 828 m 2,717 ft 163 2010
2 Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel Mecca  Saudi Arabia 601 m[5] 1,971 ft 120 2012[F]
3 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 509 m[6] 1,670 ft 101 2004
4 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 492 m 1,614 ft 101 2008
5 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 484 m 1,588 ft 118 2010
6 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
6 Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
8 Zifeng Tower Nanjing  China 450 m 1,476 ft 89 2010
9 Willis Tower (Formerly Sears Tower) Chicago  USA 442 m 1,450 ft 108 1973
10 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen  China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
11 Guangzhou West Tower Guangzhou  China 440 m 1,440 ft 103 2010
12 Trump International Hotel and Tower[7] Chicago  USA 423 m 1,389 ft 98 2009
13 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai  China 421 m 1,380 ft 88 1999
14 Two International Finance Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 416 m 1,364 ft 88 2003
15 Al Hamra Firdous Tower Kuwait City  Kuwait 413 m 1,352 ft 77 2011
16 23 Marina Dubai  UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
17 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou  China 391 m 1,283 ft 80 1997
18 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen  China 384 m 1,260 ft 69 1996
19 Empire State Building New York City  USA 381 m 1,250 ft 102 1931
20 Elite Residence Dubai  UAE 380 m 1,247 ft 91 2012[F]
21 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung  Taiwan 378 m 1,240 ft 85 1994
22 Emirates Park Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 376 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
22 Emirates Park Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 376 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
24 Central Plaza Hong Kong  Hong Kong 374 m 1,227 ft 78 1992[C]
25 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 367 m 1,205 ft 70 1990
26 Bank of America Tower New York City  USA 366 m 1,200 ft 54 2009
27 Almas Tower Dubai  UAE 363 m 1,191 ft 68 2009
28 SEG Plaza Shenzhen  China 356 m 1,168 ft 70 2000
29 Emirates Office Tower Dubai  UAE 355 m 1,163 ft 54 2000
30 Aon Center Chicago  USA 346 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
31 The Center Hong Kong  Hong Kong 346 m 1,135 ft 73 1998
32 The Marina Torch Dubai  UAE 345 m 1,132 ft 80 2011
32 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Hanoi  Vietnam 345 m 1,132 ft 72 2011
34 John Hancock Center Chicago  USA 344 m 1,128 ft 100 1969
35 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai  UAE 342 m 1,122 ft 76 2010
36 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin  China 337 m 1,105 ft 79 2010
37 Rose Tower Dubai  UAE 333 m 1,093 ft 72 2007
37 Shimao International Plaza Shanghai  China 333 m 1,093 ft 61 2005
39 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan  China 331 m 1,087 ft 68 2007
40 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing  China 330 m 1,083 ft 74 2009
40 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 330 m 1,083 ft 105 1992
42 The Index Dubai  UAE 328 m 1,076 ft 80 2010
42 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai  UAE 328 m 1,076 ft 69 2010[B]
42 Hanging Village of Huaxi Huaxi Village  China 328 m 1,076 ft 72 2011
45 The Landmark Abu Dhabi  UAE 324 m 1,072 ft 72 2010[B]
46 Q1 Gold Coast  Australia 323 m 1,058 ft 80 2005
47 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou  China 322 m 1,056 ft 68 2010
48 Burj Al Arab Dubai  UAE 321 m 1,053 ft 60 1999
49 Nina Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 319 m 1,049 ft 80 2007
50 Chrysler Building New York City  USA 319 m 1,047 ft 77 1930
51 New York Times Building New York City  USA 319 m 1,046 ft 52 2007
52 HHHR Tower Dubai  UAE 317 m 1,040 ft 72 2010
53 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta  USA 310.3 m 1,023.67 ft 55 1992
54 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles  USA 310 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
55 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 310 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
55 Ocean Heights Dubai  UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 82 2010
55 Sky Tower Abu Dhabi  UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 74 2010
58 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou  China 310 m 1,016 ft 71 2010[B]
59 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai  UAE 309 m 1,014 ft 56 2000
60 AT&T Corporate Center Chicago  USA 307 m 1,007 ft 60 1989
61 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 306 m 1,004 ft 63 2008
62 JPMorgan Chase Tower Houston  USA 305 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
62 Etihad Tower 2[8][9] Abu Dhabi  UAE 305 m 1,002 ft 79 2010[B]
64 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon  South Korea 305 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
65 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok  Thailand 304 m 997 ft 85 1997
66 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago  USA 303 m 995 ft 64 1990
67 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou  China 303 m 993 ft 65 2011
68 The Gramercy Residences Makati  Philippines 302 m 992 ft 73 2011
68 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston  USA 302 m 992 ft 71 1983
68 Kingdom Centre Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 302 m 992 ft 41 2002
71 Moscow Tower Moscow  Russia 302 m 989 ft 76 2010
72 We’ve the Zenith Tower A Busan  South Korea 301 m 987 ft 80 2011
73 Aspire Tower Doha  Qatar 300 m 984 ft 36 2007
73 Arraya 2 Kuwait City  Kuwait 300 m 984 ft 60 2009
73 Gran Torre Santiago Santiago  Chile 300 m 984 ft 64 2012
76 One Island East Hong Kong  Hong Kong 298 m 979 ft 67 2008
77 Shanghai Wheelock Square Shanghai  China 298 m 978 ft 58 2009
78 First Canadian Place Toronto  Canada 298 m 978 ft 72 1976
79 Eureka Tower Melbourne  Australia 297 m 975 ft 91 2006
80 Comcast Center Philadelphia  USA 297 m 975 ft 57 2008
81 Yokohama Landmark Tower Yokohama  Japan 296 m 972 ft 73 1993
82 Emirates Crown Dubai  UAE 296 m 971 ft 63 2008
83 Islamic Bank Office Tower Dubai  UAE 294 m 964 ft 49 2011
84 Khalid Al Attar Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 294 m 964 ft 61 2010
85 311 South Wacker Drive Chicago  USA 293 m 961 ft 65 1990
86 Trump Ocean Club International Hotel & Tower Panama City  Panama 293 m 961 ft 68 2011
87 American International Building New York City  USA 290 m 952 ft 66 1932
88 Global Trade Plaza[10] Dongguan  China 289 m 948 ft 68 2010[B]
89 Key Tower Cleveland  USA 289 m 947 ft 57 1991
90 One Liberty Place Philadelphia  USA 288 m 945 ft 61 1987
90 Plaza 66 Tower One Shanghai  China 288 m 945 ft 66 2001
92 Chongqing Poly Tower[11] Chongqing  China 287 m 941 ft 58 2010[B]
93 SPG Global Tower 1[12] Suzhou  China 286 m 938 ft 54 2010
93 SPG Global Tower 2[13] Suzhou  China 286 m 938 ft 54 2010[B]
95 Columbia Center Seattle  USA 285 m 937 ft 76 1985
95 Millennium Tower Dubai  UAE 285 m 935 ft 60 2006
95 Sulafa Tower Dubai  UAE 285 m 935 ft 75 2010
95 Tomorrow Square Shanghai  China 285 m 934 ft 55 2003
99 Chongqing World Trade Center Chongqing  China 283 m 929 ft 60 2005
99 Cheung Kong Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 283 m 928 ft 62 1999
99 The Trump Building New York City  USA 283 m 927 ft 72 2001
99 40 Wall Street New York City  USA 283 m 927 ft 70 1930
103 We’ve the Zenith Tower B Busan  South Korea 282 m 924 ft 75 2011
104 Bank of America Plaza Dallas  USA 281 m 921 ft 72 1985
105 OUB Centre Singapore  Singapore 280 m 919 ft 66 1986
105 UOB Plaza One Singapore  Singapore 280 m 919 ft 66 1992
105 Republic Plaza Singapore  Singapore 280 m 919 ft 66 1996
105 Marina Pinnacle Dubai  UAE 280 m 919 ft 73 2010
109 Citigroup Center New York City  USA 279 m 915 ft 59 1977
110 Hong Kong New World Tower Shanghai  China 278 m 913 ft 61 2002
110 Trust Tower[14] Abu Dhabi  UAE 278 m 912 ft 60 2010[B]
110 Etihad Tower 1[15] Abu Dhabi  UAE 278 m 911 ft 70 2010[B]
113 Trump International Hotel and Tower Toronto  Canada 277 m 908 ft 57 2012
114 Diwang International Commerce Center Nanning  China 276 m 906 ft 54 2006
115 Scotia Plaza Toronto  Canada 275 m 902 ft 68 1988
116 Williams Tower Houston  USA 275 m 901 ft 64 1983
117 Nantong Zhongnan International Plaza[16] Nantong  China 273 m 897 ft 53 2011
118 Wuhan World Trade Tower Wuhan  China 273 m 896 ft 58 1998
118 Lvjing Tower[17] Shenzhen  China 273 m 896 ft 56 2011
120 Renaissance Tower Dallas  USA 270 m 886 ft 56 1974
120 The Cullinan South Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 270 m 886 ft 68 2008
120 The Cullinan North Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 270 m 886 ft 68 2008
120 China International Center Tower B Guangzhou  China 270 m 886 ft 62 2007
124 Dapeng International Plaza Guangzhou  China 269 m 884 ft 56 2006
125 One Lujiazui Shanghai  China 269 m 883 ft 47 2008
125 JAL Hotel Dubai  UAE 269 m 883 ft 60 2008
125 21st Century Tower Dubai  UAE 269 m 883 ft 55 2003
128 Bitexco Financial Tower Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam 269 m 882 ft 68 2010
129 Naberezhnaya Tower C Moscow  Russia 268 m 881 ft 61 2007
130 Al Faisaliyah Center Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 267 m 876 ft 44 2000
130 8 Spruce Street New York City  USA 267 m 876 ft 76 2010
132 Bank of America Corporate Center Charlotte  USA 265 m 871 ft 60 1992
133 900 North Michigan Chicago  USA 265 m 869 ft 66 1989
133 Al Kazim Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 265 m 869 ft 53 2008
133 Al Kazim Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 265 m 869 ft 53 2008
133 Bocom Financial Towers Shanghai  China 265 m 869 ft 52 2002
133 120 Collins Street Melbourne  Australia 265 m 869 ft 52 1991
133 We’ve the Zenith Tower C Busan  South Korea 265 m 869 ft 70 2011
139 SunTrust Plaza Atlanta  USA 264 m 867 ft 60 1992
140 Triumph-Palace Moscow  Russia 264 m 866 ft 54 2005
141 Samsung Tower Palace 3, Tower G Seoul  South Korea 264 m 865 ft 73 2004
142 Trump World Tower New York City  USA 262 m 859 ft 72 2001
142 Water Tower Place Chicago  USA 262 m 859 ft 74 1976
142 Grand Gateway Shanghai I Shanghai  China 262 m 859 ft 52 2005
142 Grand Gateway Shanghai II Shanghai  China 262 m 859 ft 52 2005
142 Aqua Chicago  USA 262 m 859 ft 86 2009
147 Aon Center Los Angeles  USA 262 m 858 ft 62 1973
148 Sapphire of Istanbul Istanbul  Turkey 261 m 856 ft 54 2010
148 Grand Lisboa Macau  China 261 m 856 ft 47 2008
148 TD Canada Trust Tower Toronto  Canada 261 m 856 ft 53 1990
148 The Masterpiece Hong Kong  Hong Kong 261 m 856 ft 64 2007
148 Islamic Bank Residential Tower Dubai  UAE 261 m 856 ft 51 2011
153 Etihad Tower 3[18] Abu Dhabi  UAE 260 m 854 ft 62 2010[B]
154 Vision Tower Dubai  UAE 260 m 853 ft 60 2010
154 Shanghai IFC North Tower[19] Shanghai  China 260 m 853 ft 60 2011
154 Bahrain Financial Harbour 1 Manama  Bahrain 260 m 853 ft 53 2007
154 Bahrain Financial Harbour 2 Manama  Bahrain 260 m 853 ft 53 2007
154 101 Collins Street Melbourne  Australia 260 m 853 ft 50 1991
154 Abraj Al Bait Hajar Tower Mecca  Saudi Arabia 260 m 853 ft 48 2010[B]
154 Abraj Al Bait ZamZam Tower Mecca  Saudi Arabia 260 m 853 ft 48 2010[B]
154 Shenzhen Special Zone Press Tower Shenzhen  China 260 m 853 ft 48 1998
154 Transamerica Pyramid San Francisco  USA 260 m 853 ft 48 1972
163 Chase Tower Chicago  USA 259 m 850 ft 60 1969
163 Devon Tower Oklahoma City  USA 259 m 850 ft 50 2012
163 GE Building New York City  USA 259 m 850 ft 69 1933
163 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt  Germany 259 m 850 ft 56 1997
163 PBCOM Tower Makati  Philippines 259 m 850 ft 55 2000
168 Two Liberty Place Philadelphia  USA 258 m 848 ft 58 1990
169 Lanko·Grand Hyatt Hotel Chongqing  China 258 m 846 ft 60 2004
170 Park Tower Chicago  USA 257 m 844 ft 67 2000
171 St. Petersburg Tower Moscow  Russia 257 m 843 ft 65 2010
172 Messeturm Frankfurt  Germany 257 m 842 ft 55 1990
173 U.S. Steel Tower Pittsburgh  USA 256 m 841 ft 64 1970
173 Sorrento 1 Hong Kong  Hong Kong 256 m 841 ft 75 2003
175 The Harbour Hotel & Residence Dubai  UAE 256 m 840 ft 59 2007
175 Ubora Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 256 m 840 ft 59 2007
175 Hyperion Tower A Seoul  South Korea 256 m 840 ft 69 2003
175 Rinku Gate Tower Building Izumisano  Japan 256 m 840 ft 56 1996
179 New Century Plaza Tower A Nanjing  China 255 m 837 ft 52 2006
179 Langham Place Office Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 255 m 837 ft 59 2004
179 The Point Panama City  Panama 255 m 837 ft 65 2011
182 Capital Tower Singapore  Singapore 253 m 830 ft 52 2000
182 Chase Tower Indianapolis  USA 253 m 830 ft 48 1990
183 Highcliff Hong Kong  Hong Kong 252 m 828 ft 72 2003
184 Bank of Shanghai Headquarters Shanghai  China 252 m 827 ft 46 2005
184 Osaka World Trade Center Building Osaka  Japan 252 m 827 ft 55 1995
186 The Harbourside Hong Kong  Hong Kong 251 m 824 ft 73 2003
186 Rialto Towers Melbourne  Australia 251 m 824 ft 63 1986
188 Jiali Plaza Wuhan  China 251 m 823 ft 61 1997
189 Angsana Hotel Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 250 m 820 ft 49 2008
189 Angsana Hotel Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 250 m 820 ft 49 2008
189 Beijing Yintai Centre Tower 2 Beijing  China 250 m 820 ft 63 2007
189 Chelsea Tower Dubai  UAE 250 m 820 ft 49 2005
189 One Atlantic Center Atlanta  USA 250 m 820 ft 50 1987
189 Caja Madrid Tower Madrid  Spain 250 m 820 ft 45 2008
189 Wisma 46 Jakarta  Indonesia 250 m 820 ft 48 1996
189 Post & Telecommunication Hub Guangzhou  China 250 m 820 ft 66 2003
197 The Legacy at Millennium Park Chicago  USA 250 m 819 ft 73 2010
198 The Imperial I Mumbai  India 249 m 817 ft 60 2009
198 The Imperial II Mumbai  India 249 m 817 ft 60 2009
198 Al Tayer Tower Dubai  UAE 249 m 817 ft 49 2009
198 63 Building Seoul  South Korea 249 m 817 ft 60 1985
198 Metapolis 101 Hwaseong City  South Korea 249 m 817 ft 66 2010
198 Central Park Perth  Australia 249 m 817 ft 52 1992
198 Torre de Cristal Madrid  Spain 249 m 817 ft 45 2008
206 Midtown Tower Tokyo  Japan 248 m 814 ft 54 2007
207 CitySpire Center New York City  USA 248 m 814 ft 75 1987
208 One Chase Manhattan Plaza New York City  USA 248 m 813 ft 60 1960
209 Midland Square Nagoya  Japan 247 m 810 ft 47 2007
209 Metapolis 104 Hwaseong City  South Korea 247 m 810 ft 66 2010
209 State Tower Bangkok  Thailand 247 m 810 ft 68 2001
212 Conde Nast Building New York City  USA 247 m 809 ft 48 1999
213 MetLife Building New York City  USA 246 m 808 ft 59 1963
214 Bloomberg Tower New York City  USA 246 m 806 ft 54 2005
215 JR Central Towers Nagoya  Japan 245 m 804 ft 51 2007
215 Oasis Beach Tower Dubai  UAE 245 m 804 ft 51 2006
215 Al Fattan Tower Dubai  UAE 245 m 804 ft 51 2006
215 Churchill Residency Dubai  UAE 245 m 804 ft 59 2010
215 One Raffles Quay Singapore  Singapore 245 m 804 ft 59 2006
215 The Sail @ Marina Bay Singapore  Singapore 245 m 804 ft 59 2000
221 Moshe Aviv Tower Tel Aviv  Israel 244 m 801 ft 69 2003
221 AAM Tower Dubai  UAE 244 m 801 ft 46 2008
221 Maybank Tower Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 243 m 799 ft 50 1987
224 The Tower Dubai  UAE 243 m 797 ft 54 2002
224 R&F Centre Guangzhou  China 243 m 797 ft 54 2007
224 Soleil Brisbane  Australia 243 m 797 ft 74 2011
224 Soul Gold Coast  Australia 243 m 797 ft 77 2011
224 Dalian Futures Square 1 Dalian  China 243 m 797 ft 53 2010
224 Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building Tokyo  Japan 243 m 797 ft 48 1991
224 Citigroup Centre Sydney  Australia 243 m 797 ft 50 2000
228 Dalian World Trade Centre Dalian  China 242 m 796 ft 61 2000
229 Federation West Tower Moscow  Russia 242 m 795 ft 62 2007
230 IDS Tower Minneapolis  USA 241 m 792 ft 57 1973
230 Mellon Bank Center Philadelphia  USA 241 m 792 ft 54 1990
230 Woolworth Building New York City  USA 241 m 792 ft 57 1913
233 Maxdo Centre Shanghai  China 241 m 791 ft 55 2002
233 Bank of China Mansion Qingdao  China 241 m 791 ft 54 1999
235 Hancock Place Boston  USA 241 m 790 ft 60 1976
235 Shenzhen Broadcasting Center Building Shenzhen  China 241 m 790 ft 48 2001
237 Four Seasons Hotel Miami Miami  USA 240 m 789 ft 64 2003
238 Moscow State University Moscow  Russia 240 m 787 ft 36 1953
238 Manulife Plaza Hong Kong  Hong Kong 240 m 787 ft 52 1998
238 NTT Docomo Yoyogi Building Tokyo  Japan 240 m 787 ft 27 2000
238 Comerica Bank Tower Dallas  USA 240 m 787 ft 60 1987
242 Sunshine 60 Tokyo  Japan 240 m 786 ft 60 1978
243 300 North LaSalle Chicago  USA 239 m 785 ft 60 2009
244 Imperia Tower Moscow  Russia 239 m 783 ft 60 2011
245 30 Hudson Street Jersey City  USA 238 m 781 ft 42 2003
246 Bank of America Centre Houston  USA 238 m 780 ft 56 1983
247 555 California Street San Francisco  USA 237 m 779 ft 52 1969
248 One Worldwide Plaza New York City  USA 237 m 778 ft 50 1989
249 Capella Tower Minneapolis  USA 237 m 776 ft 56 1992
249 The First World Tower 1 Incheon  South Korea 237 m 776 ft 67 2009
249 The First World Tower 2 Incheon  South Korea 237 m 776 ft 67 2009
249 The First World Tower 3 Incheon  South Korea 237 m 776 ft 67 2009
249 The First World Tower 4 Incheon  South Korea 237 m 776 ft 67 2009

Photo gallery

World’s tallest buildings
Taipei 101
Taipei 101 in TaipeiTaiwan, was the tallest building in the world for 6 years, until it was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa.
Petronas Tower
The Petronas Twin Towersin Kuala LumpurMalaysia, were the world’s tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004.
Willis Tower
Chicago‘s Willis Tower(originally the Sears Tower) was the tallest building in the world from 1974 to 1998. It is still the tallest in America.
Shanghai World Financial Center
The Shanghai World Financial Center is the 4th tallest building in the world, the tallest building in thePeople’s Republic of China, and has world’s highestobservation deck.
International Commerce Centre
The International Commerce Centre ofHong Kong is currently the 5th tallest building in the world. The top 15 floors are occupied by the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company; this hotel will be the world’s tallest 6-star grand hotel, replacing the Park Hyatt Shanghai Hotel.
Empire State Building
New York City‘s Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world from 1931 to 1972 and is the third tallest building in America.
Jin Mao Tower
Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai,People’s Republic of China (PRC) is one of the tallest buildings in the world.
Trump International Hotel and Tower
The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicagois the second tallest building in the United States.
Q1
U.S. Bank Tower
The US Bank Tower in Los Angeles is the tallest building in the United States west of the Mississippi River.
Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China, the first building outside the United States to break the 1,000 ft mark and the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1990 to 1992.
Yokohama Landmark Tower
The Yokohama Landmark Tower is the tallest building in Japan.
GT International Tower inMetro Manila, is the third tallest building in thePhilippines.
Kingdom Center
The Kingdom Center is the second tallest building inSaudi Arabia.
Imperial Towers
The Imperial Towers, Mumbai, completed in 2009 are currently the tallest residential buildings inIndia.
Ryugyong Hotel
The Ryugyong Hotel is North Korea’s tallest building.
Faisaliyah Center
The Faisaliyah Center is the third tallest building in Saudi Arabia. It was completed in 1997.
Wisma 46
Wisma 46 in Jakarta,Indonesia is the tallest building in Indonesia
City of Capitals
The City of Capitals inMoscow International Business Center in Moscowis the tallest skyscraper inEurope
Gran Torre Santiago
The Gran Torre Santiago inSantiagoChile will become the tallest building in South America.
Bitexco Financial Tower inHo Chi Minh City, is the second tallest building in theVietnam.
Shard London Bridge will officially become Europe’s tallest building when it istopped out in 2012.

Alternative measurements

Height to roof

Some skyscraper aficionados prefer height to roof to determine tallest building in the world, as “architectural feature” is regarded as a subjective and less-fair measure. In November 2009, the CTBUH stopped using the roof height as a method of measurement for tall buildings.[20]

Rank Building City Country Height Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 828.0 m 2,717 ft 163 2010
2 Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel Mecca  Saudi Arabia 530.0 m 1,740 ft 120 2012[F]
3 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 487.4 m 1,599 ft 101 2008
4 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 484.0 m 1,588 ft 108 2010
5 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 449.2 m 1,471 ft 101 2004
6 Willis Tower Chicago  USA 442.0 m 1,451 ft 108 1974
7 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen  China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
8 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou  China 432.0 m 1,417 ft 103 2009
9 International Finance Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 406.9 m 1,335 ft 88 2003
10 23 Marina Dubai  UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
11 Empire State Building New York City  USA 381.0 m 1,250 ft 102 1931
12 Zifeng Tower Nanjing  China 381.0 m 1,250 ft 89 2009[C]
13= Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 378.6 m 1,242 ft 88 1998
13= Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 378.6 m 1,242 ft 88 1998
15 Jin Mao Building Shanghai  China 370.0 m 1,231 ft 88 1998
16 Al Hamra Firdous Tower Kuwait City  Kuwait 368 m 1,207 ft 77 2011
17 Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago  USA 356.6 m 1,170 ft 96 2009
18 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung  Taiwan 347.5 m 1,140 ft 85 1997
19 Aon Center Chicago  USA 346.3 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
20 John Hancock Center Chicago  USA 343.5 m 1,127 ft 100 1969
21 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing  China 333.0 m 1,093 ft 74 2008
22 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 330.0 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[D]
23 The Index Dubai  UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 80 2009[C]
24 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen  China 324.8 m 1,066 ft 69 1996
25 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou  China 321.9 m 1,056 ft 80 1997
26 Nina Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 318.8 m 1,046 ft 80 2006
27 Rose Tower Dubai  UAE 315.0 m 1,033 ft 72 2008
28 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 315.0 m 1,000 ft 72 1990
29 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta  USA 311.81 m 1,023 ft 55 1992
30 Emirates Office Tower Dubai  UAE 311.0 m 1,020 ft 56 2000
31 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles  USA 310.3 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
32 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 310.0 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
33 Almas Tower Dubai  UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 74 2008
34 Central Plaza Hong Kong  Hong Kong 309.0 m 1,014 ft 78 1992
35 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 306.0 m 1,004 ft 78 2008
36 JPMorgan Chase Tower Houston  USA 305.4 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
37 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon  South Korea 305.1 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
38 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok  Thailand 304.0 m 997 ft 85 1997
39 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston  USA 302.4 m 992 ft 71 1983
40 Kingdom Centre Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 302.0 m 991 ft 41 2002
41 Moscow Tower Moscow  Russia 302 m 989 ft 76 2010
42 We’ve the Zenith Busan  South Korea 301.0 m 988 ft 80 2011
43 First Canadian Place Toronto  Canada 298.1 m 978 ft 72 1975
44 Comcast Center Philadelphia  USA 297.2 m 975 ft 57 2008
45 Eureka Tower Melbourne  Australia 297.0 m 984 ft 91 2006
46 Yokohama Landmark Tower Yokohama  Japan 295.8 m 970 ft 70 1993
47 311 South Wacker Drive Chicago  USA 292.9 m 961 ft 55 1990
48 I’Park Marina Busan  South Korea 292.1 m 958 ft 72 2011
49 The Center Hong Kong  Hong Kong 292.0 m 958 ft 73 1998
50 SEG Plaza Shenzhen  China 291.6 m 956.7 ft 70 2000
51 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan  China 290.0 m 951 ft 68 2007

Height to pinnacle (highest point)

This measurement disregards distinctions between architectural and non-architectural extensions, and simply measures to the highest point. This measurement is useful for air traffic obstacle determinations, and is also a wholly objective measure. However, this measurement includes extensions that are easily added, removed, and modified from a building and are independent of the overall structure.

This measurement only recently came to use, when the Petronas Towers passed the Sears Tower (now called Willis Tower) in height. The former was considered taller because its spires were considered architectural, while the latter’s antennae were not. This led to the split of definitions, with the Sears Tower claiming the lead in this and the height-to-roof (now highest occupied floor) categories, and with the Petronas claiming the lead in the architectural height category.

Rank Building City Country Height Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 829.84 m 2,722.57 ft 163 2010
2 Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel Mecca  Saudi Arabia 601 m[21] 1,971 ft 120 2012[F]
3 Willis Tower Chicago  USA 527.0 m 1,729 ft 108 1974
4 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 509.0 m 1,669 ft 101 2004
5 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 494.4 m 1,614 ft 101 2008
6 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 484.0 m 1,588 ft 108 2010
7 John Hancock Center Chicago  USA 457.2 m 1,500 ft 100 1969
8= Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452.0 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
8= Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452.0 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
10 Zifeng Tower Nanjing  China 450.0 m 1,476 ft 89 2009[C]
11 Empire State Building New York City  USA 443.2 m 1,454 ft 102 1931
12 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen  China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
13 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou  China 440.5 m 1,445 ft 103 2009
14 Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago  USA 423.4 m 1,389 ft 96 2009
15 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai  China 421.0 m 1,381 ft 88 1998
16 International Finance Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 416.5 m 1,366 ft 88 2003
17 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City  Kuwait 412.6 m 1,354 ft 77 2010[B]
18 23 Marina Dubai  UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
19 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou  China 391.0 m 1,283 ft 80 1997
20 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen  China 384.0 m 1,260 ft 69 1996
21 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung  Taiwan 378.0 m 1,240 ft 85 1997
22= Emirates Park Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 376.0 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
22= Emirates Park Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 376.0 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
24 Central Plaza Hong Kong  Hong Kong 374.0 m 1,227 ft 78 1992
25 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong  Hong Kong 367.4 m 1,205 ft 72 1990
26 Bank of America Tower New York City  USA 365.8 m 1,200 ft 54 2008
27 Almas Tower Dubai  UAE 363.0 m 1,191 ft 68 2008
28 Emirates Office Tower Dubai  UAE 356.4 m 1,169 ft 56 2000
29 SEG Plaza Shenzhen  China 355.8 m 1,167 ft 70 2000
30 First Canadian Place Toronto  Canada 355.0 m 1,165 ft 72 1975
31 The Torch Dubai  UAE 348.1 m 1,142 ft 80 2011
32 Aon Center Chicago  USA 346.3 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
33 The Center Hong Kong  Hong Kong 346.0 m 1,135 ft 73 1998
34 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai  UAE 342.0 m 1,122 ft 76 2010
35 Conde Nast Building New York City  USA 340.8 m 1,143 ft 48 1999
36 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin  China 336.9 m 1,105 ft 79 2010[B]
37 Shanghai Shimao International Plaza Shanghai  China 333.0 m 1,094 ft 60 2005
38 Rose Tower Dubai  UAE 333.0 m 1,093 ft 72 2008
39 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan  China 331.0 m 1,086 ft 68 2007
40= Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 330.0 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[D]
40= China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing  China 330.0 m 1,083 ft 74 2008
40= Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok  Thailand 328.0 m 1,076 ft 85 1997
40= The Index Dubai  UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 80 2009[C]
40= Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai  UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 72 2010
40= Hanging Village of Huaxi Huaxi Village  China 328.0 m 1,076 ft 72 2010[B]
46 The Landmark Abu Dhabi  UAE 324.0 m 1,072 ft 72 2010[B]
47 Q1 Gold Coast  Australia 322.5 m 1,058 ft 78 2005
48 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou  China 322.0 m 1,056 ft 68 2010
49 Burj Al Arab Dubai  UAE 321.0 m 1,053 ft 60 1999
50= Chrysler Building New York City  USA 318.9 m 1,046 ft 77 1930
50= New York Times Building New York City  USA 318.9 m 1,046 ft 52 2007
52 Nina Tower Hong Kong  China 318.8 m 1,046 ft 80 2006
53 HHHR Tower Dubai  UAE 317.8 m 1,042 ft 72 2010
54 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta  USA 317.8 m 1,042 ft 55 1992
55 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles  USA 310.3 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
56= Ocean Heights Dubai  UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 82 2010
56= Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 310.0 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
56= Sky Tower Abu Dhabi  UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 74 2010[C]
59 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou  China 310.0 m 1,016 ft 71 2010[B]
60 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai  UAE 309.0 m 1,014 ft 56 2000
61 AT&T Corporate Center Chicago  USA 307.0 m 1,007 ft 60 2001
62 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 306.0 m 1,004 ft 63 2008
63= JPMorganChase Tower Houston  USA 305.4 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
63= Etihad Tower 2[8][9] Abu Dhabi  UAE 305.4 m 1,002 ft 79 2010[B]
65 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon  South Korea 305.1 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
66 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago  USA 303.3 m 995 ft 64 1990
67 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou  China 302.7 m 993 ft 65 2010[B]
68= Wells Fargo Plaza Houston  USA 302.4 m 992 ft 71 1983
68= One Shell Plaza Houston  USA 302.4 m 992 ft 50 1971
70 Kingdom Centre Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 302.0 m 991 ft 41 2002
71 Moscow Tower Moscow  Russia 302.0 m 989 ft 76 2010
72 We’ve the Zenith Busan  South Korea 301.0 m 988 ft 80 2011
73 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt  Germany 300.1 m 985 ft 53 1997
74= Aspire Tower Doha  Qatar 300.0 m 984 ft 36 2007
74= Arraya 2 Kuwait City  Kuwait 300.0 m 984 ft 60 2009
74= Eureka Tower Melbourne  Australia 300.0 m 984 ft 91 2006

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